navigating supply chain legislation: key changes for businesses

Stay compliant with evolving international supply chain legislation. Our guide simplifies these crucial changes and empowers you to confidently adapt your business practices.
anti-slavery supply chain legislation

2023 marked a significant shift in anti-slavery supply chain legislation worldwide, with a stronger focus on stricter reporting requirements and global accountability.  

International businesses now face a complex landscape, juggling diverse regulations and ensuring compliance across the entire supply chain.

Navigating this landscape requires understanding your obligations, implementing the correct reporting procedures, and strengthening your approach to mitigating modern slavery risk. 

Crucially, new legislation demands looking beyond your direct suppliers. It extends responsibility to lower tiers in your supply chain, often spanning the globe.

Even if you’re UK-based and your suppliers are mostly domestic, their tier 1 sourcing might reach outside the UK, subjecting you to these regulations through indirect connections. 

To help you stay on top of these changes and keep ahead of compliance requirements beyond your immediate suppliers, we’ve simplified an overview of the most recent legislative changes. 

Navigating the EU Corporate Sustainability Due Diligence Directive (CSDDD)

This landmark directive, which passed through the European Parliament in April 2024, aims to curb environmental and human rights violations in the EU. Large companies now face accountability for their entire supply chain impact, not just direct operations. Steep fines await non-compliant businesses.

Who will this effect? 

  • EU-based companies with over 1,000 employees and a net worldwide turnover exceeding 450 million euros. 
  • Non-EU companies generating over 450 million euros in turnover from operations in the EU.  

Under the current agreement, the CSDDD’s requirements will only apply to a financial institution’s own operations and its upstream supply chains. This excludes lending and investment activities, which are considered downstream supply chains.

While small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are currently exempt, they will likely be indirectly impacted by the requirements placed on larger companies within their supply chains.

Breaking down the EU Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD)

Transparency is key under the CSRD, which mandates large EU organisations or entities operating in the bloc to report on their human rights and environmental impact. From 1 January 2024, these companies must assess their direct and indirect influence on these crucial areas. The initial report under the CSRD will be due in 2025. 

The directive’s scope will gradually widen to include:

  • Companies with over 250 employees and a turnover exceeding 40 million euros
  • EU-based SMEs 
  • Non-EU businesses with a turnover of over 150 million euros in Europe. 


For UK-based companies, Brexit does not exempt you from new EU legislation. Companies with a footprint in the EU, regardless of headquarters, will be affected. Proactive action is crucial, even if your primary suppliers operate within the UK. 

Individual EU member states are responsible for incorporating the CSRD into national legislation. France has led the way, having implemented the CSRD into law in December 2023, with strict penalties and potential imprisonment for non-compliance. 

Canada’s fight against forced labour and child labour: The Supply Chains Act (Bill S-211)

The Act, effective since January 2024, is crucial for businesses operating within or trading with Canada.  

It mandates companies and government institutions to publish an annual report detailing their actions to mitigate the risk of forced and child labour in their entire supply chains. These reports must be publicly accessible and prominently displayed on the company’s website. 

Failure to comply can result in hefty fines and compliance orders, with potential penalties for disseminating misleading information.  

anti-slavery supply chain legislation
Reinforcing the anti-slavery stance: Australia’s Modern Slavery Act 2018

Australia’s Modern Slavery Act, in operation since 2018, underwent a comprehensive review in 2023. This led to 30 recommendations to bolster its effectiveness, including stricter reporting requirements and addressing the high number of non-compliant modern slavery statements.  

In November 2023, the Modern Slavery Amendment Bill was introduced, proposing the establishment of an Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner. This role would shape responses to modern slavery, assist businesses and engage with victims and survivors of exploitation. 

Germany’s Supply Chain Due Diligence Act

Germany’s Supply Chain Act, effective from January 2023, is a significant step forward in combating environmental and human rights violations by German companies.  

Initially targeting companies with at least 3,000 employees based in Germany, its scope expanded in January 2024 to encompass businesses with a minimum of 1,000 employees.  

Companies are mandated to undertake environmental and human rights due diligence across their supply chains, establishing a risk management system that includes, but is not limited to, an annual modern slavery statement.  

Non-compliance can lead to reputational damage and hefty fines, reaching up to 8 million euros or 2% annual turnover for larger companies.   

Remember, this is not an exhaustive list. Other relevant anti-slavery legislation include:  

  • Dutch Child Labour Due Diligence Law 
  • Norwegian Transparency Act  
  • Swiss Conflict Minerals and Child Labour Due Diligence Provisions 
  • U.S. Uyghur Forced Labour Prevention Act  
  • Proposed New Zealand Modern Slavery Legislation  
  • Guidelines on Respecting Human Rights in Responsible Supply Chains in Japan 
How we can support your compliance journey

Under new legislation, action is essential. Key requirements include:   

  • Publishing an annual report: Detail your efforts to combat modern slavery in your operations and supply chains.  
  • Understanding and mapping risk: Identify potential areas of vulnerability across your business and suppliers, and implement a risk management system to address them.  
  • Due diligence: Implement thorough due diligence procedures throughout your operations and supply chain. 
  • Grievance mechanisms: Establish formal channels for reporting concerns and ensure effective remediation processes. 
Stay ahead of the curve with Unseen Business:

Unseen Business empowers businesses to navigate the evolving anti-slavery landscape. We offer: 

  1. Regular updates: Stay informed about legislative changes through exclusive webinars, sector-specific meetings, and our comprehensive knowledge base. 
  2. Expert guidance: Our team of experienced professionals provides tailored advice and compliance support to help you develop and implement effective anti-slavery strategies. 
  3. Bespoke solutions: Choose from a range of unique services, including risk assessments, gap analysis, training workshops, and on-site worker wellbeing visits, to strengthen your compliance efforts and build a more ethical, sustainable supply chain. 

To explore how Unseen can support with your business, contact us at [email protected] for a free consultation   

This is an updated version of the article first published in January 2024.

Related stories

Justine Currell

As I came to understand more about the issue, including through a visit to an Unseen safehouse, I knew I needed to do more to stop this abuse and exploitation.

For the last five years of my Civil Service career, I was the Modern Slavery Senior Policy Advisor in the Home Office and led on development of the Modern Slavery Act, including the transparency in supply chains provision and business guidance.

I joined Unseen to lead the development of the Modern Slavery & Exploitation Helpline, and Unseen’s work with businesses. I am regularly called upon to present at national and international conferences and use my experience of working with Ministers to influence other governments internationally to take action to address modern slavery and, in particular, business supply chain issues.

In my spare time I enjoy keeping fit, music, reading and travelling.

Andrew Wallis

What ultimately compelled me to act was a report on how people from Eastern Europe were being trafficked through Bristol airport to the USA. Kate Garbers, who went on to be an Unseen Director, and I wrote to all the city councillors, MPs and the Police Chief Constable challenging them on the issue. The challenge came back to us: this city needs safe housing for trafficked women. And so Unseen began.

But we never wanted Unseen to be just about safe housing. We wanted to end slavery once and for all, and that remains our driving focus.

I chaired the working group for the Centre for Social Justice’s landmark report “It Happens Here: Equipping the United Kingdom to Fight Modern Slavery”. This is now acknowledged as the catalyst behind the UK’s Modern Slavery Act of 2015. It was a great honour to be awarded an OBE in the Queen’s Birthday Honours that year. On the other hand, I’ve also been described as “the loveliest disrupter you could ever hope to meet”.

This job has taken me from building flat-pack furniture for safehouses, to working with businesses to address slavery in supply chains, to delivering training, raising awareness and advising governments around the world.

When not at work, I enjoy travelling, spending time with my dog Harley, cooking, supporting Liverpool and Yorkshire CC, music (I’m a former DJ) and endurance events such as the Three Peaks Challenge and Tribe Freedom Runs – which I vow never to do again. Until the next time.